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Fur Construction

Fur Educational Materials Provided by the
Fur Information Council of America

Every fur represents weeks of specialized labor and fine hand craftsman- ship. Furriers have specialized skills, which often have been handed down from generation to generation. The creation of each fur requires meticulous workmanship. The following terms describe some of the elements involved:

FUR TERMINOLOGY

BRIGHTENER ADDED A process which enhances the color of a fur.

DYEING Process of applying dye to create a new color. Dyeing is sometimes also used to correct any imperfections and to improve uniformity.. Sometimes the pelt is bleached white before color is added..

GUARD HAIR Long, lustrous outer hair that protects the underfur.
knitted fur A new technique that produces a soft, comfortable, fur-in/fur-out look and feel.

LEATHERING Insertion of ribbon, cloth or leather strips along with fur strips. May be done for fashion or to lighten the weight of the fur.

LETTING OUT Cutting the pelt into diagonal strips and resewing it to make the pelt longer and and narrower. Sometimes referred to as dropping out. The effect is supple and smooth flowing.

MUTATION Natural furs of special colors that are produced by selective breeding,

PLUCKING To emphasize the velvet underhair of the fur. All guard hairs are plucked before shearing. .

SHEARING Cutting fur to a short, uniform pile.

SHEARLING Natural Iamb pelts with the leather side often sueded and worn on the outside.

SKIN-ON-SKIN Rectangular pelts are sewn together to create a box effect as an alternative to the letting out process.

TIP-DYEING Sometimes called blending. Dye is applied only to the tips of guard hairs to produce more color uniformity.

UNDERFUR The underhair covered by guard hairs. This is the layer of fur that acts as insulation to provide warmth.